Victory in Africa
Africa provided a major turning point for World War II, with the Allies making their first major victories against the Axis. The African campaigns are most remembered for the battles of two titans: Rommel and Montgomery.
At first, The German General Rommel had major success against the allies in Africa. But, by the beginning of March 1943, the British Eighth Army, under British General Montgomery, had advanced westwards along the North African coast to reach the Tunisian border. Rommel, in command of all German forces in Tunisia, found himself outflanked, outmanned and outgunned. On March 27 1943, Montgomery announced that he would increase the pace of the offensive to a level that Rommel could not stand. (see present letter).
"Things are livening up here and I am at present engaged in a pretty good party with Rommel. I doubt he will be able to stand the pace, which will be getting pretty hot shortly"
The day after this letter, the pace 'got to hot' for Rommel: He immediately renamed his Panzer Tank army “The First Italian Army” and he abandoned Africa. A few days later, British shattered the Axis defense on the Mareth Line and two weeks later the British First Army in central Tunisia launched their main offensive to squeeze the Axis forces until their resistance in Africa collapsed. The Axis forces surrendered on 13 May 1943 yielding over 275,000 prisoners of war. This huge loss of experienced troops greatly reduced the military capacity of the Axis powers