Allowed major improvements in the terms of the very first American Chinese Treaty of Wanghia of 1844.



*  Great Britain, France, Russia, and the United States would have the right to station legations in Beijing (Peking was a closed city at the time).

* Eleven more Chinese ports would be opened for foreign trade,

* The right of foreign vessels including warships to navigate freely on the Yangtze River.

* The right of foreigners to travel in the internal regions of China for the purpose of travel, trade or missionary activities.

* Religious liberty to all Christians in China.


Appointment  by Buchanaan and Ratification of the Treaty: