President


Abraham Lincoln March 21, 1865

 

Extremely Rare

 

"Indian Agent"

 

Appointment

 

 

President

 

Abraham Lincoln March 21, 1865

 

Extremely Rare

 

"Indian Agent"

 

Appointment

 

for

 

The New Mexico

 

Territory

 

Lincoln appoints Diego Archuleta "to be Indian Agent in the Territory of New Mexico."

 

Signed just 3 weeks before his assassination, along with the signature of John P. Usher, Secretary of the Interior. Brigadier General Archuleta had commanded militia troops in New Mexico Territory during the Civil War, to prevent Confederate forces from Texas from seizing he territory.

 

Issued with a small embossed seal of the Department of the Interior, this might be a temporary appointment certificate, until the appointment could be approved by the Senate. This certificate contains the unusual printed statement that the appointment was "during the pleasure of the President of the United States, for the time being, and until the end of the next session of the Senate of the United States, and no longer."

 

Diego Archuleta (1814-1884) was an officer in the Mexican Army during the Mexican War. Afterwards he settled in New Mexico Territory and during the American Civil War, commanded New Mexican troops to defend the territory for the Union. In 1864 Diego Archuleta became the first Hispanic Brigadier General of the United States. After the Civil War, he was active in local politics.