John Adams


Expresses Approval to His Grand-Nephew


for transmitting the


Monroe Doctrine Message

A principle laid down by John Adams' son John Quincy Adams


"I am under great obligation to you for the President's [Monroe's] message, & the Document of the War & Navy Office and am proud to see how ably and faithfully the Government is conducted & these communications are the more acceptable as coming from a grandson of my beloved brother".


Monroe's historic message to Congress of 2 December 1823 first defined as national policy, principles delineated by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, condemning European intervention in the Americas and prohibiting all efforts at colonization. "The announcement ... represented one of Adams' finest contributions to the emergence of the United States as a world power" (Nagel, John Quincy Adams). "By including the policy statement in his annual message, Monroe gave his declaration a character reminiscent of Washington's well-remembered Farewell Address. He focused attention upon his utterances as a declaration of national policy..." (Ammon, James Monroe: The quest for national Identity, p492)