John Adams


Advises Congress to Inform


all of Europe


of the


newly won Independence


(The Hague-June 27, 1784)



The letter was written to fellow signer of The Declaration of Independence,  Elbridge Gerry.   


"Congress will I hope, write a ..... letter to every Soverign of Europe......informing them  of the final establishment of their Independence and desiring to live in friendship.   These letters may be sent to your Ministers at Versailles,  the Hague,  or elsewhere,  or some to one and some to others,  under a Flying Seal of the United States and signed by President Lee."




Adams discusses the


protocol necessary


for the newly formed


United States and various


other countries


in creating the first


diplomatic and


commercial relationships.