Ending the Napoleonic Wars
The end of the Napoleonic Wars was marked by a
series of two treaties.
The “Treaty Saint Cloud” of July 3 1815 was
signed by Great Britain, Prussia and France. This was the
Treaty that ended the hostilities of the Napoleonic Wars.
The “Treaty of Paris” of November 20, 1815 was signed
by Great Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia, and France;
extending the Peace to Austria and Russia.
The “Treaty Saint Cloud”, shown here, was signed on the last page by officers representing Great Britain (Colonel Hervey), Prussia (Baron von Muffling), and France (Baron Bignon, Comte Guilieminot and the Comte de Bondy), and approved and ratified by Marshall Prince Blucher the following day, signed by Blucher at the foot, 'au Quarter General de Meudon' 4 July 1815.
7 pp folio, 6 impressions of red wax seals at foot of last page, tipped in on a guard to a silk-lined mount, cloth folder, slip-case.
This historic document comprises eighteen articles relating to the final capitulation of Paris and the surrender of the French army. The seventy-one year old Prince Blucher had pursued the French as they retreated from Battle of Waterloo towards Paris, where Napoleon abdicated for the second time on 22 June, then giving himself up to the English. On 3 July, Blucher wrote to his wife from Saint Cloud that he was awaiting the surrender, and that the previous day a French general had brought an offer of terms which he had invited Wellington to discuss. Over the two days of 2 and 3 July Blucher lost almost 3,000 men in the fighting in and near Paris. He wrote again triumphantly to his wife from Meudon on 4 July, “Paris is mine!” and entered the city later that day.
The convention was also ratified by Wellington for the English, and the Prince d'Eckmuhl (Marshal Davout) for the French. The eighteen articles are all of a military and administrative nature, the principal clauses referring in the suspension of arms and the withdrawal of the French army behind the Loire, the evacuation of troops from the capital and the rights of the inhabitants of Paris.