Sanson and Pierre Mariette, Paris, 1658. Folio (440 x 300mm). Title with woodcut arms, table of contents with woodcut headpiece and initial, with text in French, 131 engraved double-page maps, hand-colored in outline, mounted on guards throughout. A comprehensive edition of Sanson's important work; this copy containing Le Nouveau Mexique et La Floride (1656), Sanson's prototype map of California as an island, 'An important map, the first in a printed atlas to put the greatest emphasis on California and New Mexico' (Tooley, MCS 8, 14). The maps were compiled by Nicolas Sanson, and engraved and printed by P. Mariette; each held the copyright to half of the maps which bear their separate imprints. Sanson, considered to be 'the founder of the French school of cartography' (Tooley), first published his atlas in 1654, with 100 maps. The index calls for 113 titles, but as was often the case more maps have been added to this copy at the time of purchase. Cf. NMM 3, 271
California as an
In 1656 Sanson issued this original important map entitled "Le Nouveau Mexique et la Floride," which was particularly well known and popular and set a style for the subsequent depiction of California for the next fifty years. No earlier map had ever accentuated an insular California so much. It concentrates on territory that was still virtually unknown. The reduced version of this map; Audience de Guadalajara, Nouveau Mexique, Californie etc. was published prior to this model, therefore much of the new information introduced on this map was seen first by many on the reduced copy version.
There are two new bays along California's northern coast with the names, Tolaago and R. de Estiete. Their origin is unknown, as is that of the curious peninsula on the mainland coast called Agubela de Cato. California's place names are a combination of Blaeu's and Sanson's, the latter's having been translated into Spanish to keep them uniform.