Berlinghieri, Francesco.  Geographia (Italian; with additions by Marsiglio Ficino).  Florence:  Nicolaus Laurentii, Alamanus, [before September 1482].  Fo.

The third printed atlas and the first in a vernacular language, Berlinhieri's verse adaptation of Ptolemy's Cosmographia is the most notable for its inclusion of four contemporary maps:  Spain, France, Italy, and Palestine, which just preceded the woodcut maps of the Ulm edition of the same year (Goff P-1084).  This is also the only edition of Ptolemy with the maps printed on the original Ptolemaic projection of equidistant parallels and meridians and the first to supply gazetteers for the maps.  The attractive copperplates have often been attributed to Francesco Rosselli, who was then active in Florence, but the identity of the engraver remains unresolved.

The present, like most surviving copies, belongs to a second issue which has a red-printed title added to the previously blank recto of the original title-leaf and a register and colophon added to the formerly blank final leaf or printed on an appended sheet (as here).  This new text was probably printed within the first two decades of the sixteenth-century and could not have been done by Laurentii, whose last printed work was completed in June 1486; BMC does not identify the gothic and roman types used in the new title, but describes them as “certainly later than 1500.”  The thirty-one maps are here placed in accordance with the supplemental register, which directs that they be placed directly following the book whose text they illustrate.

Types:  4A:116R, 4B:115R, 6A:111R.  Double column (gazetteers in triple column), 51 lines + headline, initial spaces, most with printed guides.  29 full-sheet and 2 half-sheet copper-engraved maps, all inserted on guards, 16th-century title printed in red.  COLLATION:  pie 2, a 10 bb-dd 8 ee 6 ff-gg 6 hh 6 ii 4 a 6 b 8 (+7 Larunesie); x 1 (GEOGRAPHIA [bk v]) c-d8 [1 4] e 8 [2 4] f 10 (+ 10): (123 of) 126 leaves (lacking blanks dd 8, ii4, 2/4).  CONTENTS pie lr later-printed title, pie lv title In quiesto volume si contengono septe fiornate della geographia di Francesco Berlingeri Fiorentino allo illustrissimo Federico duca durbino, pie 2 r In quale libro…posta sia, pie 2v verse dedication to Federigo, duke of Urbino, aa1rr-v proem to first book, aa1v Ficino, Apologus to Federigo, duke of Urbino, aa2r-dd3v text of first two books dd4r-dd7v gazetteer to second book (maps 1-5 of Europe), dd8 blank ee1r-hh5r text of third book, hh5r-ii3v gazetteer to third book (maps 6-10 of Europe), ii4 blank, a6r-b7r text of fourth book, b7r-b8+1v gazetteer to fourth book (maps 1-4 of Africa), b8+2r-d8v text of fifth book, 1/1r-1/4v gazetteer to fifth book (maps 1-4 of Asia), e1r-e8v text of sixth book, 2/1r-2/3r gazetteer to sixth book (maps 5-9 of Asia), 2/3v-2/4 blank, flr-f7v text of seventh book, f8r-f9v gazetteer to seventh book (maps 10-12 of Asia) f10r later-printed register and colophon Impresso infirenze per Nicolo Todescho & emendato con soma diligentia dallo auctore, f10v blank.

420 x 282 mm.  18th-century vellum, green morocco lettering-piece, plain endpapers, blue edges.  PROVENANCE:  Francisci Amadi (16th-century signature on later title, partially effaced and on register leaf) - Marques of Bute (Sotheby's, 16 October 1961, lot 661).  OS 270 (1962: H.P. Kraus)

Goff B-342; H 2825*; GW 2870; BMC VI 629 (IC. 27101b); IGI 1492; Sander 927; The World Encompassed 39; Campbell pp. 133-35; Shirley 9; Nordenskiold 3; Stillwell Science 147; Sabin 66501.  Arnim 40.  Facsimile:  edited by R. A. Skelton, Amsterdam, 1966.

Damp-staining at upper fore-edge corners through last quarter of the book, and marginally throughout; single intermittent wormhole through top fore-edge margins of much of the volume, including about six maps, occasionally repaired, but in no cases affecting text or image; some other minor marginal stains or repairs, westernmost wind-head on world map just shaved, small chip from fore-edge margin of map of Italy; small hole in lower margin of first map of Africa; two small wormholes at lower plate-mark of twelfth map of Asia.  Binding a bit soiled and rubbed.